Dr. James E. Gaff provides a variety of treatment options for patients with periodontitis and gingivitis in Jacksonville, Florida. Gingivitis and periodontitis are different levels of gum disease. Gingivitis is the early stage, during which the infection attacks the gums around your teeth. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease that directly destroys the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth and can lead to tooth loss.

Heredity plays a strong role in developing periodontitis. Poor dental hygiene usually leads to plaque buildup, which contains a lot of bacteria. This plaque and bacteria buildup causes the gums to become inflamed, and you may notice bleeding while brushing your teeth. This is the gingivitis stage, which is easiest to treat. When gingivitis is left untreated, the inner layer of the gum and bone begin to pull away from the teeth and form pockets, where bacteria collect and form infection. The plaque will continue to spread and grow below the gum line. The bacterium in the plaque releases toxins, which break down the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. As the disease progresses, eventually, the teeth will no longer be anchored in place, leading to tooth loss.

We welcome you to contact our dental office today to learn more and to schedule your next appointment with our dentist.